- Buffing vs Burnishing
Before the use of synthetic floor finish, carnauba and other natural waxes were used to make floor finish. Waxes were pliable and the shine could be “buffed-up” by spinning a soft pad with a 175 RPM floor machine. The shine would return quickly, but because the wax was soft, buffing of highly used floors could be done as much as daily. Today, high-performance floor finishes are made from a variety of plastic-type materials (e.g. acrylic or urethane) and require heat to become pliable in order to be reconstructed to remove scratches, scuffs, and a variety of other markings. The process is called burnishing and the spinning speeds need to start at 1,500 RPMs and upwards. The faster the spinning and/or the heavier the machine, the quicker the gloss is enhanced and the gloss can go weeks without requiring a burnishing. Soil must be removed from the surface before gloss restoration takes place. If not, the soil will be embedded within the glossy surface and darkened to the point of needing to be stripped and refinished much sooner than necessary.
- Wax Stripper vs. Finish Liquefier
Most floor wax, up to the mid 1960’s, was made from natural raw materials such as carnauba. Stripping the “old” wax was mostly done using a strong high pH detergent with mechanical abrading from a bassine rotary brush or an abrasive steel wool pad. Removing the natural wax was not much of a problem and was done yearly or more often. With the arrival of synthetic, plastic-type floor finishes stripping floors was nowhere as easy as removing carnauba. In order to penetrate and remove the plastic-type floor finishes, wax stripper makers had to kick the strength of strippers up to a point where floor tile coloring was being pulled from the tiles—red tiles produced red stripping solution and the tiles began to color fade.
After years of research, the Wax Liquefier arrived on the floor finish stripping scene. Gabriel perfected the Ultra Strip II liquefier that makes floor finish removal quick and easy—let the solution set for 3 to 5 minutes and pass over the lifted material with a floor machine stripping brush or pad and vacuum up the remainder. Follow the vacuuming with a fresh water rinse and the floor will dry CLEAN without a white film stripping residue.
- Meaning of the Word “Solution”
In housekeeping chemical terms, a solution is the end product of two or more chemicals being mixed together. For example, a maker of detergents mixes a group of raw materials with water to make a concentrated detergent solution that needs to be added to water to create a ready-to-use detergent solution for washing or mopping. Always read the mixing directions on a container of concentrated detergent solution to ensure that you will make a properly mixed washing or mopping solution.
- Spot vs Stain
A spot is a collection of soil that stands out when compared to the area around it. The spot may be removed by washing with a proper cleaning solution or agent.
A stain is an area that has a permanent difference in how it looks and cannot be removed by cleaning.
- Symptom vs Problem
A symptom assists at helping recognize a problem. For example, a soiled baseboard is a symptom that points to the following as being the possible problem(s): Ineffective detergent, poor quality wet mop, malfunctioning wringer, and/or poor mopping practices. A problem is an unwanted condition that can be corrected and hence prevent the symptom(s) from happening.
- Sealing vs Coating Concrete
Both systems bear traffic directly and need to be properly cleaned and prepared prior to application. A sealer is applied directly to clean concrete and fills in microscopically-open surface voids. After the first coat dries, one or two more coats may be added to form a clear traffic-bearing surface. When necessary, the sealer coats may be stripped using a floor finish Stripper Liquefier.
A Concrete Coating, on the other hand, is virtually permanent until it gets worn off or until it gets scrubbed clean, prepared, and recoated. Initially, a concrete floor needs to be scrubbed clean, mechanically or chemically etched, primed with a penetrating epoxy, and finished with a clear or colored urethane or other top coating. The Gabriel Technical Team provides full support for the process.
- Wet Mop vs Finish Application Mop
Gabriel Primo-Pro wet mops are designed to quickly and thoroughly absorb more liquid than would a standard wet mop. Primo-Pro mops will release liquid in a steady and effective manner without over-wetting the floor. Bottom line: Successful wet mopping performance is based on fiber quality, blend, and overall construction. Also important are the wringer design (gear-driven preferred) and the janitor’s mopping technique.
Floors finish application mops need to be made of quality fibers and construction. Fiber combinations are set to hold liquid and release it at a controlled rate in order to protect against applying too much floor finish.
- Preventing vs Masking Odors
Odors come from microorganisms (e.g. germs) in soil that give off odorous gas as they process (recycle) the soil.
Preventing odors is as simple as washing away the soil. If the soil is removed on an effective schedule (e.g. daily washing), there will be no odors—The odor-making germs will have been carried away with the soil.
Masking an odor is the process of introducing a chemical into the air or onto a soiled surface. The chemical may have a fragrance and, together, they capture the gases or airborne soil particles and emit a temporary more pleasing smell. In a few minutes, the chemical that emits the fragrance dissipates and because the soil was not removed, the gases continue to be emitted and thus the offensive odors return. Removing the soil removes the microorganisms giving off the offensive gas odors.